How-to: Company Pages
How to: Discovery
How-to: Portfolio Holdings
How to: Activity
How to: Leaderboard
How to: Performance
How to: Challenges
How to Trade
What are some basic Financial Vocabulary?
How to get recruited using EquitySim
Fixing Account Errors
My Trade is not being processed
An investment in my portfolio is showing up as $0
Stock splits, mergers + acquisitions
I can't find a specific investment
I can't sign-up
My credit card is being declined
What is a Stock?
How to Choose a Stock
Active Trading vs Portfolio Management
How to start testing multiple strategies
What is Portfolio Management Strategy?
How to Build a Basic ETF Portfolio
What is an ETF?
How to Choose ETFs
What is a Bond?
What is an Option?
What are Trading Strategies?
What is short selling?
Understanding Metrics / Data
What is Diversification?
What is the Diversification Score?
What are asset-classes?
What is Geopolitical Exposure?
What is Industry Diversification?
What is Geographical Diversification?
What is Industry Exposure?
How do I read the Diversification Radar Chart?
How to read impact on diversification
What is a good Sharpe Ratio?
What is Sharpe Ratio?
What are average excess returns?
How to Improve Sharpe Ratio
How do I measure risk?
What is Return?
What is Volatility?
Credit-Suisse Investment Challenge
Recording your Strategies and Rationales
Showcasing your work on EquitySim
Adding structure to your interview answers
Preparing for the interview
Preparing for the Sales + Trading Interview
Credit-Suisse: 2019 Case Study
2019 Credit Suisse Investment Challenge [Fall]
2020 Credit Suisse Investment Challenge [Fall]
2020 Credit Suisse Investment Challenge [Summer]
Host your own EquitySim Challenge
Can users share an account?
How do I export classroom data?
How do I delete, archive and edit my class?
Challenge Setting Types
How does EquitySim compare to other simulations?
What is EquitySim?
Can I undo a trade?
How are prices determined in the simulation?
Why didn't my trade execute immediately?
How do I exchange currency?
Why isn't my ranking showing up?
What are Public Portfolios?
How do I switch between portfolios?
How am I Graded?
Does EquitySim have sample assignments for my curriculum?
How are Options priced in the simulation?
How do I find my daily portfolio change?
How do the Portfolio Emails Work?
Is my data confidential?
How do I delete my account?
How our simulations reflect the real-world
What can I trade on EquitySim?
What is a good rationale?
How to set-up your team
What are the different order types?
Which government bonds can I trade?
As we saw from the Stock Performance level, it is important to look at the price movements within a period, as opposed to just looking at the Total Return Rate.
A good way to characterize price movements is to analyze daily return rates (i.e., return rate from one day to the next).
Why return rate? It’s the relative gains or losses (return rates) that matter, not the absolute prices. Every security has a different price range. Return rates provide the normalization needed across different price ranges. See the Price Chart and the Return Rate Chart.
Why daily? Using the daily return rates allows us to characterize the price movement between the period rather than Total Return Rate, which measures the rate on only two points in time, beginning and the end, skipping the price movement in between.
However, when we work with daily return rates, there is one data point per day (see the Return Rate Chart). That's a lot of data points. One way to summarize daily return rates is Mean Return Rate, which is the mean (or average) all the daily return rates during the period.
Think of Mean Return Rate as the middle value.
If you were to count up how many of the daily returns rates into bins, constructing a distribution (see Distribution of Return Rates), Mean Return Rate is middle point in the distribution (see "Mean Return Rate" in the Distribution of Return Rates chart).